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baptov" , hv, ovn , dipped, dyed, bright-coloured, Ar.

2. for dyeing, crwvmata Plat.
II. of water, drawn by dipping vessels ( cf. bavptw 1. 3), Eur. From bavptw


bavptw (Root BAF ), f. bavyw : aor. I e[baya : Pass. , f. ba±fhvsomai : aor. I ejbavfqhn : aor. 2 ejbavfhn »a±1/4 : pf. bevbammai :

I. trans. to dip in water, Lat. immergere , Od., Plat. :—of slaughter, ejn sfagai`si bavyasa xivfo" Aesch. ; e[baya" e[gco" Soph .; favsganon ei[sw sarko;" e[bayen Eur.

2. to dip in poison, ijouv", citw`na Soph.
3. to dip in dye, to dye, Hdt ., Aesch. :—Comic, bavptein tina; bavmma Sardianikovn to dye one in the [red] dye of Sardis, i.e. give him a bloody coxcomb, Ar.

4. to draw water by dipping a vessel, Theocr. ; bavyasa aJlov" ( sc. to; teu`co" ) having dipped it so as to draw water from the sea, Eur.

II. intr ., nau`" e[bayen the ship dipped, sank, Id.


bavraqron , Ion. bevreqron , tov , a gulf, pit: —at Athens a cleft behind the Acropolis, into which criminals were thrown, Hdt. , Ar.

2. metaph. ruin, perdition, Dem. (Deriv. uncertain.)


barba±rivzw , f. Att. iØw` , ( bavrbaro" ) to behave like a barbarian, speak like one, Hdt .: to speak broken Greek, speak gibberish, Plat.

II. to hold with the barbarians, i.e. the Persians, Xen.


barba±rikov" , hv, ovn , barbaric, foreign, like a foreigner, opp. to \Ellhnikov" , Simon.; to; barbarikovn , = oiJ bavrbaroi , Thuc. ; esp. of the Persians, Xen. :— Adv. , barbarikw`" kai;\Ellhnikw`" i.e. both in Persian and Greek, Id. Hence barbarismov"


barba±rismov" , oJ , ( barbarivzw ) barbarism, Arist.


barba±rovomai , Pass. to become barbarous, Eur .; bebarbarwmevno" of barbarous or outlandish sound, Soph.


bavrba±ro" , on , barbarous, i.e. not Greek, foreign, known to Hom. , as appears from the word barbarovfwno" in Il.:—as Subst. bavrbaroi, oiJ , originally all that were not Greeks, specially the Medes and Persians, Hdt. , Att. : so the Hebrews called the rest of mankind Gentiles. From the Augustan age however the name was given by the Romans to all tribes which had no Greek or Roman accomplishments.

II. after the Persian war the word took the sense of outlandish, ajmaqh;" kai; bavrbaro" Ar .; barbarwvtato" Id., Thuc. (Deriv. uncertain.)

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