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C .


C, c, ci` , tov , indecl., twenty-second letter of Gr. alphabet: as numeral, cV = 600, Ëc = 600,000: but in Inscrr., C is the first letter of civlioi, ai, a , = 1000.—Changes of c , in the dialects:

1. Dor. for q , as o[rnico" for o[rniqo" .
2. Ion. represented by k , as devkomai kiqwvn for devcomai citwvn .
3. put before l to strengthen the sound, as clai`na for lai`na, cliarov" for liarov" . The Poets in some words treated c as a double consonant, so that a short vowel before it becomes long, as in brovco" , ija<Eth>chv , ija<Eth>cevw ( qq. v. ), faioÑcivtwn .


cavde , Ep. 3 sing. aor. 2 of candavnw :— cadevein , Ep. inf.

cavzw, CA vZW

CA vZW , to cause to retire, the Act. only in Ep. redupl. aor. 2 kevka±don , f. keka±dhvsw :— to force to retire from, deprive of, tou;" yuch`" kekadwvn Il.; ajristh`a" kekadhvsei qumou` kai; yuch`" Od.

B. Med. cavzomai , Ep. impf. cavzeto , Ep. imper. cavzeo : f. cavsomai , Ep. cavssomai : aor. I ejca±savmhn , Ep. 3 sing. cavssato , inf. cavssasqai , part. cassavmeno" :—also kekavdonto (for kecavdonto ) 3 pl. of a redupl. aor. 2 kekadovmhn :— to give way, draw or shrink back, retire, Il.

2. c. gen. to draw back or retire from, cavzesqe mavch" Ib., etc. ; so, c. ejk belevwn, uJpÆ e[gceo" Ib.; oujde; dh;n cavzeto ajndrov" nor in truth was he (or it, the stone) far from the man, i.e. nearly hit him, Ib.


caivnw , v. cavskw .

cavi>o", CA vI Ÿ OS CA vI Ÿ OS »a<Eth>1/4, a, on , genuine, true, good, Lacon. word in Ar. ; so, caov" , ovn, caoi; oiJ ejpavnwqen the good men of olden time, Theocr.


cairhdwvn , ovno", hJ , delectation, Com. word in Ar. , formed after ajlghdwvn .


caivrhn , Dor. for caivrein .


caivrw , (Root CAR ), 3 pl. imper. cairovntwn : impf. Ep. cai`ron , Ion. caivreskon : f. cairhvsw , Ep. redupl. inf. keca±rhsevmen , later also carw` : aor. I ejcavrhsa : pf. kecavrhka , Ep. part. acc. kecarhovta :— Med. (in same sense), f: ca±rhvsomai , Ep. keca±rhvsomai :— Ep. 3 sing. aor. I chvrato :— Ep. redupl. 3 pl. aor. 2 kecavronto ; opt. 3 sing. and pl. kecavroito, -oivato :— Pass. (in same sense), aor. 2 ejcavrhn »a±1/4 , Ep. cavrhn , part. careiv" : pf. kecavrhmai , part. kecarmevno" : plqpf. 3 sing. and pl. kecavrhto, -hnto . To rejoice, be glad, be delighted Hom ., etc. ; c. qumw`/ or ejn qumw`/, c. fresi;n h|/si Id.:— c. dat. rei, to rejoice at, be delighted with, take delight in a thing, Id., etc. ; so, caivrein ejpiv tini Soph. , Xen. :— c. part ., caivrw to;n mu`qon ajkouvsa" I rejoice at having heard, Il.; caivrei" oJrw`n Eur .; caivrw feidovmeno" Ar .;-with part. pres. caivrw sometimes takes the sense of filevw , to be wont to do,

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