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O, o , o] mikrovn , little or short o, as opp. to o] mevga great or long o, i.e. double o (for w was orig. written ev" ,
oo ): fifteenth letter in the Greek alphabet: as numeral oV = 70, but Ëo = 70,000. In early times o represents both o and w ; and in many words must have sounded like ou , as in bovlomai for bouvlomai ; while reversely, in Ion. mou`no" nou`so" kou`ro" ou[noma stand for movno" novso" kovro" o[noma . Dialect. changes: Aeol. for a , as strotov" for stratov" ;—for e, jErcovmeno" for jOrcovmeno" (Boeot.);—for , as o[numa stuvma for o[noma stovma .

2. Dor. often into oi, ajgnoievw ptoievw pnoiav for ajgnoevw ajloavw ptoevw .
3. like a, o is often rejected or prefixed for euphony, as kevllw ojkevllw, duvromai ojduvromai .
4. in compd. Adjectives, o is changed metri grat. into h, qeogenhv" xifofovro" into qehgenhv" xifhfovro" .


oJ, hJ, tov , is

A. demonstr. Pronoun.
B. the definite Article.
C. in Ep., the relative Pronoun, when it is written with the accent o{, h{, tov = o{", h{, o{ . Besides the common forms, note Ep. gen. sing. toi`o for tou` ; pl. nom. toiv, taiv ; gen. fem. tavwn »a±1/4 , dat. toi`si, th`/" and th`/si ; dual gen, and dat. toi`in :—in Trag. we find toi; mevn. . , toi; dev . . , for oiJ mevn. . , oiJ dev . . ; dat. pl. also toi`si, tai`si : the dual has commonly but one gender, twv for tav, toi`n for tai`n .

A. oJ, hJ, tov , DEMONSTR. P RONOUN :
I. joined with a Subst., not as the Art., but like Lat. ille , oJ Tudeivdh" Tydeus, famous son, Il.; Nevstwr oJ gevrwn Nestor— that aged man, Ib.; timh`" th`" Priavmou for honour, namely that of Priam, Ib.

II. without a Subst., he, she, it, oJ ga;r h\lqe Ib., etc.
III. pecul. usages,
1. before Relat. Pronouns, to call attention to the foregoing noun, ejfavmhn se peri; frevna" e[mmenai a[llwn, tw`n o{ssoi Lukivkhn naietavousin far above the rest, namely above those who. . , Ib.

2. oJ mevn. . , oJ dev . . , either in Opposition, oJ mevn the former, oJ dev the latter), or in Partition, the one. . , the other. . , Lat. hic. . , ille. . .

IV. absolute usages of single cases,
1. fem. dat. th`/ , there, on that spot, Hom.; to; me;n th`/, to; de; th`/ Xen.:—with a notion of motion towards, thither, Il.
b. of Manner, th`/per in this way, thus, Od.; th`/ mevn. . , th`/ dev . . , in one way. . , in another. . , or partly. . , partly, Eur., etc.
c. relative, where, for h| , Hom.
2. neut. gen. tou` , therefore, Id.
3. neut. dat. tw`/ , therefore, Id., Soph.
b. thus, in this wise, then, if this be so, on this condition, Hom.
4. neut. acc. tov , wherefore, Id., Soph.; to; dev , absol., but as to this. . , Plat.
5. to; mevn. . , to; dev . . , partly. . , partly. . , or on the one hand. . , on the other. . , Od., Att.; ta; mevn. . , ta; dev . . , Hdt., Soph., Thuc.; also, ta; mevn ti. . , ta; dev ti . . , Xen.

6. with Prepositions, of Time, ejk tou` , Ep. toi`o , ever since, Il.
b. pro; tou` , sometimes written protou` , before this, aforetime, Hdt., Aesch.; so, ejn tw`/ protou` crovnw/ Thuc.

7. ejn toi`" is often used in Prose with Superlatives, ejn toi`" qeiovtaton one of the most marvellous

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